It may sound glaringly obvious but if you haven't started revising … then there is NO TIME like the present! It is never too late. If you don't know where to start go back to basics. Start with the content of each examinable subject. Ask yourself: What is it I need to know? Your teachers may have already provided you with a form of syllabus. If not, obtain one for each subject. The syllabus will help you frame the content of each subject. What are the units, topics and sub-topics? What is the specific content within the sub-topics that I need to know?
It may help to map this content. This will give you an overview of the subject and allow you to see where topics fit in and with each other. Syllabus snapshots are available as free downloads on our website here. Your next step is to gather together all the class notes, textbooks and materials you need for each subject. If you're missing something then speak to your teacher about accessing that material. Next, organise your notes into different coloured files. Divide up units and topics using file dividers.
Organising and structuring your notes in this way should help you feel a sense of control. When preparing your study planner make sure you allow time to cover all content. Check your planner tasks against your syllabus and teacher revision lists. Then, get cracking - choose your first subject, unit and topic and begin the process of condensing material into bite-sized, memorable notes.
Commit to the process and challenge yourself to be your personal best over the next few months. A little bit of pressure can be good for performance but too much can spill over and cause stress. Be careful. Set yourself some realistic target grades. These don't have to be school predicted grades - they can be your own personal targets!! Are you sitting on a 'C' for a subject but know that with extra work and focus you could get to a 'B'? If so set yourself a B grade target for that subject. Be realistic. If you achieved an E grade in one of your mocks three weeks ago, and are just beginning to revise now, then it is unlikely that you will achieve a Grade A. However, you may be able to jump two or even three grades.
By space we mean both physical space - the place you study and psychological space - giving yourself permission to take some downtime.
The 'place' you revise is crucial to your ability to concentrate, be relaxed and engaged in the individual sense-making activity that is studying.
That space may involve a desk and chair, a study wall, a bean bag - only you will know what works best. The important thing is that it is a relatively quiet space (particularly if you are engaging in revision of complex concepts) and it has no distractions. With the best will in the world, it is near impossible to ignore phone notifications that are ‘pinging’ in the background as you work. For a start you are likely to think "I'd better check, in case it is something important, or in case I am missing out on something!!' If you want to maximise productivity, then remove the phone from the study space. This requires discipline - but it will be worth it!
A common question we are asked by students is - "should I be listening to music when studying?" There is much contradictory research on this topic. Our advice is this. If you tend to listen to music then test whether or not it is of actual benefit to you as an individual. Try studying with and without the music and, then at a later stage of your revision session, test yourself by recalling what you have learnt. Be honest about the results!
Finally, if you enjoy studying in your bedroom (and you are being productive) then by all means continue to do so. However, think also about other options for a study space - another room in the house, the local library or school (many schools offer after school study). Your bedroom can then become your sanctuary - somewhere for headspace.
Speaking of headspace - give yourself permission to breathe and relax. Your body and mind will reward you for it in the long term: provided of course that you aren't spending 90% of your time relaxing and 10% studying!!
Maintaining a balance of work, rest, sleep and exercise is crucial to exam success.
Stick to the evidence in terms of study strategies.
Remember re-reading is only effective if it is used in conjunction with retrieval practice. Re-reading can give us a false sense of security. We recognise the information and so think we know it. This is fine if you are sitting a series of multiple choice tests!
The acid test of whether or not we really know something is being able to recall it from memory without the aid of notes or textbooks.
Exam time can be stressful for some students so it's really important to try to keep a sense of perspective. You can only do your best and no one expects more than that. You may feel lonely at times but remember you are never alone. There are teachers, friends and family members there to support you. Don't be afraid to share your concerns.
Whatever happens on results day - it's not the end of the world, it is just one moment in time, one part of your education journey.
Good luck with your revision!